Choosing the right food and in the right amounts in the best way to control blood sugar level. Numerous studies have shown that the diet rich in vegetable can reduce the risk of chronic disease. Relatively, high intake of vegetables, cause significant reduction in the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. It also decreases the risk of developing various types of cancers particularly of digestive tract or lungs. Higher intake of vegetables are associated with higher bone mineral density and lower levels of bone resorption. Diets rich in vegetables especially carotenoid are associated with decreased incidence and severity of cataracts (Vision loss, caused by oxidative damage of proteins in the eye’s lens induced by long term exposure to ultraviolet light).

Hence, we can say, the advantage of eating more vegetables are undeniable. They are packed with various nutrients vegetables and are usually low in calories. As they are full of fibre, so they are plenty filling. Plate full of vegetables just means that we are eating vegetable few carbohydrates and saturated fats. Hence, a person can have four or five servings a day. A serving includes ½ cup cooked vegetables or 1 cup raw vegetable.

Moreover, the vegetables also contain various phytochemicals that can act in a number of ways to prevent disease and promote health.

It has been noted that vegetables like onions and garlic helps in reducing blood glucose levels. Bitter gourd also lower the blood and urine sugar levels as it contains natural hypoglycaemic agents. Certain vegetables contain very little amount of carbohydrates and calories and so can be used freely by diabetics. But few vegetables contain high amount of carbohydrates and calories and hence must be taken by diabetics in very small amount.