diabetes mellitus type 1 in detail

 

The type 1 of diabetes mellitus is a serious adolescent disease in the advanced parts of the world such as in Europe and in America. This type of diabetes affects mainly people who are in their early childhood or adolescence, though it may occur in an older age also. It is quite acute right from its onset, but it advances with growing age. Once diabetes mellitus type 1 sets in, there is no complete cure for it, and the person must learn to live with the condition. However, there are many remedies, especially in Ayurveda, through which diabetes mellitus type 1 can be kept under control.

What is Diabetes Mellitus Type 1?

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. It is also known as IDDM for this reason. It is characterized by the absence of insulin, or its inefficacy in properly utilizing the glucose content in the human bloodstream. Due to this, the level of blood sugar rises, which is voided through the urination.

This type of diabetes mellitus is commonly found in the younger generation. Even pre-adolescent are affected by it. Hence, diabetes mellitus type 1 is also known as juvenile diabetes. That said, diabetes mellitus type 1 is not restricted to adolescents only. It can even affect middle-aged people.

Causes of Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is classified as an autoimmune disorder. An autoimmune disorder is one in which the body attacks itself. In case of diabetes mellitus type 1, the cells of the pancreas are attacked. The pancreas is responsible for the production of insulin, which controls the blood sugar level.

The Onset of Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

Very little is known to medical science about how the diabetes mellitus type 1 sets in. It begins quite suddenly, and without any apparent stimulating factor. Once it sets in, it rapidly advances and shows complications. Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a largely fatal disease.

It is indeed very difficult to diagnose diabetes mellitus type 1, since it affects the younger generation who are very ignorant about such a condition. For this reason, the disease is mostly brought into light only when it is too late. Diabetes mellitus type 1 can get seriously complicated and that too very fast.

Recent research is providing evidence that the diabetes mellitus type 1 is caused due to an infection of the Coxsackie virus. Another indication is the consumption of cow’s milk in children. Some children have a resistance to cow’s milk, which could trigger the autoimmune system of the body to release antibodies. This could be a cause of the diabetes mellitus type 1, but it has not yet been studied enough.

Why is Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 Different?

There are many ways in which diabetes mellitus type 1 differs from the other forms of diabetes. Firstly, diabetes mellitus type 1 affects children and adolescents. The people who suffer from diabetes mellitus type 1 are not necessarily obese and do not have a hyperglycemic dietary pattern. In this manner, diabetes mellitus type 1 is not a dietary disease at all. It cannot be controlled by sticking to a particular dietary pattern.

It is also found that diabetes mellitus type 1 does not have a genetic disposition. Unlike other forms of diabetes mellitus, a family member having diabetes mellitus type 1 does not affect the chances of the other members having it in any way.

Diabetes mellitus type 1 does not depend on the lifestyle a person leads. It has equal chances of occurring in people who lead active as well as sedentary lifestyles.

The Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is more prevalent in the European and the American continents. It is known to affect every 1 in 500 children below the age of 10 years and every 1 in 200 teenagers. On an average every 15 of 100,000 people suffer from diabetes mellitus type 1, i.e. it affects 3% of the total adolescent population of the world. Hence, diabetes mellitus type 1 has a very prolific growth rate, though it is not as widely known.

Conventional Treatment Methods

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is not curable as of today, but attempts are being made on several counts to control the disease. Insulin injections are the most popular way to cope with the disease. Another way to increase the insulin amount in the body is to regenerate the cells of the pancreas so that they are more able to produce insulin in the body.

A very different approach is being developed in recent times, which is based on genetic engineering. The cells are being genetically engineered to remain resistant to autoimmune disorders or to secrete normal amounts of insulin.

Perhaps the most drastic conventional method to treat diabetes mellitus type 1 is to replace the pancreas or to introduce an artificial pancreas into the body. None of these methods, though, are assured treatment methods for diabetes mellitus type 1.